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Cytoplasm: Important Cell Functions

What is cytoplasm - definition

In the cells of eukaryotes there is a space between the plasma membrane and the nuclear membrane. This space is called cytoplasm.

Cytoplasm is composed of hyaloplasma, a colloidal (viscous) matter. In cytoplasm we find cell organelles (components of an animal cell).

Main functions of animal cell cytoplasm:

- Favors the cell structure, maintaining its consistency and shape.

- Storage of chemicals essential for the maintenance of life.

Cytoplasmic organelles of animal cells:

- Lysosomes: participate in the digestion of organic substances.

- Vacuoles: present in protozoa, participate in intracellular digestion.

- Smooth endoplasmic reticulum: has the functions of performing lipid synthesis, besides transporting and storing substances.

- Rough endoplasmic reticulum: performs protein synthesis.

- Centrioles: participate in cell division in addition to causing flagella and eyelashes.

- Golgi Complex: Performs cellular secretion, forms the acrosome and lysosome.

- Ribosomes: perform protein synthesis.

- Peroxisomes: process oxidative reactions, acting on detoxification of cells.

- Mitochondria: do cellular respiration.